The choice of online storage service in different existing types depends on the users and on the use cases. This comparative file aims to show which type of Cloud best suits the needs of each company.
By definition, online storage consists of backing up data to a dematerialized server online, in other words the Internet. But the Cloud also offers the possibility to collaborate on a project thanks to data sharing. Moreover, speaking of data, it is also possible to store it in the cloud in different ways. So there are several types of cloud storage depending on these different factors.
Types of online storage services
Approximately 70% of companies have adopted Cloud computing within their organization. Online storage not only allows data to be stored, but also offers the possibility of sharing it and collaborating on projects. But when it comes to entrusting enterprise data to third-party infrastructure, there are some issues to consider.
In fact, not all cloud services work the same way. Before choosing among the types of online storage that exist, a company should define its expectations as well as the way in which it will use the services offered.
Among other things, the type of online storage refers to the types of data that can be stored there and how it will be used. On the other hand, the model also determines who has access to the data and who controls it.
Types of online storage according to system architecture
The architecture simply determines how data is stored in a computing environment. This is valid regardless of the type of storage used.
Of all the types of online storage, file storage is probably one of the easiest to use. In other words, it allowsorganize the data hierarchically. In other words, the data is stored in files that then form folders. It looks like a cupboard containing boxes where there are stored folders consisting of sub-folders and printed documents.
The file-based storage architecture facilitates data access as well as editing, sharing, and archiving. This type of Cloud works like a library catalog where the metadata indicates the location of the files. It is therefore based on data determination and regular cleaning.
File -based storage is ideal for unstructured data storage and file sharing. It is commonly used to store desktop directories in a content repository as well as to facilitate data deployment. Companies also use it for data transfer and machine learning or for data protection.
However, the problem with online file storage types is the inability to scale them vertically. In other words, need to add new servers to increase system capacity.
pCloudwhich is one of the best cloud storage services, is an example of a file storage service. It allows users to save files, edit them and share them. Moreover, there is no need to add servers because pCloud provides access to unlimited capacities in terms of size and download speed.
Object-based online storage types store and manage data as objects. Each object unit consists of data, metadata and a key allows access. Among other things, metadata describes the data and the key is a unique identifier that allows it to be located in the system. Object storage supports large data sets, large files, and unstructured data.
Unlike file storage, its scalability is unlimited. It can therefore add resources while optimizing system capacities. Also, the absence of hierarchical structure, data retrieval is faster and metadata is customizable.
Some common types of online object storage usage include data lakes, archives, data analytics, integration and delivery pipelines, and more.
As the name implies, block storage consists of dividing data into separate blocks. Each block contains files of equal size and assigned a unique identifier. Basically, the blocks are moving as individual hard drives.
These types of online block storage are typically deployed on storage area networks (SANs). A SAN then places the blocks in systems where they will be most effective. In other words, they can be stored in different computing environments.
Moreover, sharing this data in several environments also facilitates their retrieval. Block storage makes data transport more efficient and faster. Only use IDs to assemble blocks as needed.
The difference between object storage and block storage mainly depends on metadata processing. In object storage, metadata can be edited to add information about the data. This is not the case for block mode storage best suited for static data that does not require editing.
Businesses often choose this architecture for database storage and deployment.
Types of online storage services depending on deployment
After determining what type of architecture meets the needs of the business, you need to think about how it will be deployed. Criteria to consider include location, access, implementation and user.
Public online storage
On a public online storage platform, available to customers Provider -managed IT resources. This includes hardware, software and infrastructure. The public cloud allows access to services or applications offered on any device once it is connected to the internet.
For simplicity, the providers rent their services to different users by sharing resources. Note that despite the fact of sharing resources, the confidentiality of customer data is always maintained. Additionally, another advantage of these types of online storage is that companies do not have to worry about maintenance and updating.
A public online storage service is typically used for non -critical tasks and non -sensitive data. This is for example the case of companies wanting to share files or test an application. It is a more cost-effective solution that is more reliable and flexible.
Private online storage
As you might expect, online storage here is for one organization. Resources are managed by the company itself or by a specific department. He meets user needs for security and privacy. This is also why it is also the best individual cloud service.
Aside from individuals looking for a safe place to store data, the private cloud is used by large organizations. This includes companies that manage sensitive data, financial institutions and government agencies.
With all types of online storage, the private cloud is arguably the most expensive.
Includes private online storage providers pCloud. The company is based in Switzerland, therefore, it is subject to strict privacy regulations. Moreover, being based in Europe means that pCloud is also regulated by the GDPR.
Hybrid online storage
Halfway between the two types of online storage mentioned above, the hybrid cloud combines the two infrastructures. Among other things, it allows companies to transfer data as needed. Thus, critical data can be stored on private servers, and less sensitive data in the public cloud.
This approach has the advantage of being more cost-effective and allows services to be tailored to the needs of the organization. Additionally, it helps speed up workload transfer and facilitate application modernization and IT infrastructure upgrades.
The community cloud
Unlike the hybrid cloud that combines the two types of online storage, the community cloud is not not public or private. In fact, it is not a public cloud because it is exclusively dedicated to a single community. However, it is deployed in some organizations within this community, which does not include private qualification.
However, it has the same cost -effectiveness advantages as public and hybrid online storage types.