A new report on Africa’s agriculture and the solutions for its adaptation to tomorrow’s major challenges has been published. Economic intelligence and consulting firm Oxford Business Group (OBG), produced the report titled “Agriculture in Africa 2022”was produced in collaboration with the OCP Group.
According to the World Bank, the world’s population is expected to double by 2050 and food demand is expected to grow by 55% by 2030. The challenge of food security is so high in Africa, where 85% of food is currently imported, according to in data published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
If the African continent is known for its fastest-growing agricultural sector in the world, posting an average annual growth of 4.3% since 2000, the development of many uncultivated arable lands would be will not be enough to meet the growing demand. for food, the OBG and OCP report was raised.
Thus, the OBG target report explores the various methods and concrete solutions available to meet the food needs of the population, while including the sector in sustainable development adapted to climate change.
According to the report, an increase in production would not be possible without an increase in productivity, hence the need to use circular economy practices, such as the conversion of organic waste into productive inputs, water recycling, or practices in climate -adapted agriculture. change, report recommended.
The report highlights that boosting productivity and increasing income for small owners, who produce 80% of food in sub-Saharan Africa, requires greater use of renewable energy-powered technologies and extra support for the institutions that serve them. develop, in particular research, development and systems engineering, regretting the lack of funding currently available for these ecosystems. But he noted that increasing productivity also goes in the direction of conserving ecosystems and biodiversity.
The study also reveals that while Africa has the potential to feed the world’s population in the coming years, the land should be used sustainably by also addressing issues such as deforestation and inefficiency. use of fertilizers to accomplish this.
This will require, according to the report, the adoption of a green economic model, which is characterized by low carbon emissions, efficient use of resources and social inclusion.
For the preparation of this report, OBG and the OCP conducted interviews with four well-known experts, specifically Hanane Mourchid, Executive Director for Sustainability and Green Industrial Development of the OCP Group, who provided insight into whether how the circular economy and sustainability. the policies will help address the challenges facing agriculture in Africa.
In addition, he explained the importance for companies to implement sustainability policies and how the private sector and universities can work together to implement smart agricultural practices.
In addition, Tony Siantonas, Director, Scaling Positive Agriculture, World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), presents solutions to strengthen food sustainability and security, specifically emphasizing the importance of healthy land and need for long -term investments and innovations.
For his part, Kaushik Majumdar, Director-General, African Plant Nutrition Institute (APNI), promotes smart and calibrated plant nutrition to counter the harmful effects of climate change and discusses the important role of public- private partnerships in R&D and development. knowledge transfer in the agricultural sector in Africa. Finally, Hicham El Habti, President of Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), explained how technology and innovation can concretely help farmers.
Therefore, Karine Loehman, Director General of OBG for Africa, welcomed the publication of this comprehensive report. ” A range of solutions exist to allow African agriculture to its necessary adaptation in the face of food, economic and climatic challenges. There is an urgent need to invest in human capital so that people can fully reap the benefits of technological advances and the innovative and dynamic funding instruments that exist today. “, he says.
This report on agriculture in Africa is part of a series of custom studies currently being conducted by OBG with its partners, including reports specific to environmental, social and governance standards and Future Readiness Reports as well as other essential research tools, such as country-specific development articles and interviews and recovery perspectives.