Business intelligence and advisory firm Oxford Business Group (OBG) is launching a new report. There is a right “Agriculture in Africa 2022”this year is the third group study focused on this key theme for the continent and produced in collaboration with the OCP Group, the world leader in the market of plant nutrition and phosphate fertilizer.
With the population expected to double by 2050, according to the World Bank, and food demand expected to grow by 55% by 2030, the food security challenge is high in Africa, where 85% of food is still imported today, according to in the data. published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Although the continent has the fastest growing agricultural sector in the world, growing at an average annual rate of 4.3% since 2000, reclamation of fertile arable land will not be enough to meet the growing demand for food. The OBG target report explores the various ways and concrete solutions available to meet the food needs of the population, while including the sector in sustainable development adapted to climate change.
An increase in production cannot be achieved without an increase in productivity. The report notably discusses the need to use cyclical economic practices, such as converting organic wastes into productive inputs, water recycling, or even agricultural practices adapted to changing climate.
He pointed out that boosting productivity and increasing incomes for small owners, who produce 80% of food in sub-Saharan Africa, would require greater use of renewable energy-powered technology and additional support. for the institutions that make them up. , including research, development and engineering. system, regretting the lack of funding currently available for these ecosystems. Increasing productivity also goes in the direction of conservation of ecosystems and biodiversity.
The study also reveals that while Africa has the potential to feed the world’s population for years to come, in order to accomplish this, the land must be used in a sustainable way that also addresses issues such as deforestation and pollution. .improper use of fertilizers. This will require the adoption of a green economic model, which is characterized by low carbon emissions, efficient use of resources and social inclusion.
The report also features four interviews with well -known experts. Hanane Mourchid, Executive Director for Sustainability and Green Industrial Development of the OCP Group, offers insights on how a circular economy and sustainability policies can help meet the challenges facing agriculture in Africa. In addition, he explained the importance for companies to implement sustainability policies and how the private sector and universities can work together to implement smart agricultural practices. Tony Siantonas, Director, Scaling Positive Agriculture, World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), presents solutions to strengthen sustainability and food security, specifically emphasizing the importance of soil health care and the need to long -term investments and innovations. Kaushik Majumdar, Director-General, African Plant Nutrition Institute (APNI), promotes smart and calibrated plant nutrition to counter the adverse effects of climate change and discusses the important role of public-private partnerships in R&D and knowledge transfer in the agricultural sector in Africa. Finally, Hicham El Habti, President of Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), explained how technology and innovation can concretely help farmers.
For the third consecutive year, OBG benefited from the support of the OCP Group to perform this in -depth and influential multifaceted analysis, supplemented by a descriptive video and a podcast on the report’s key conclusions with insights, challenges and issues. of the sector.
Karine Loehman, Managing Director of OBG for Africa, welcomed the publication of this comprehensive report: “A range of solutions exist to enable African agriculture to adapt to the challenges of food, economy and climate. There is an urgent need to invest in human capital so that people can fully reap the benefits of technological advances and the innovative and dynamic funding instruments that exist today. »,
This report on agriculture in Africa is part of a series of custom studies currently being conducted by OBG with its partners, including reports specific to environmental, social and governance standards and the “Reports on Preparedness for the Future ”, as well as other important research tools, such as as articles about growth and recovery prospects and interviews, specific to each country.