These professions that do not yet exist …

AI ethicist, psydesigner, egoteller

Whether you’re asking a question to an SNCF chatbot, looking for a way on Waze, scrolling through your Facebook news feed or translating text to Google, artificial intelligence is already an integral part of your daily life. Although in its infancy, AI has already begun to create its share in new professions. Profiles of AI engineer, data analyst, or even data scientist are among the most sought after by employers. And that was just the beginning. Because key technologies such as machine learning or deep learning have recently left the world of laboratories, the qualifications required for their deployment and their use in business are not all subject to the creation of work. This is the case of skills related to AI ethics or personality. In large groups, however, we begin to conceptualize certain professions. The AI ​​ethicist, for example, needs to make sure the policies for AI deployment meet the company’s ethical standards. As for the psydesigner, he will take care of the way personal assistants and other chatbots express themselves, by giving them values ​​and personalities. This profile will be scripted by the egoteller, who will be responsible for translating this personality in a concrete way, through the AI’s behavior, its vocabulary, its tone of voice, etc.

Surgeon who specializes in telesurgery (remote surgery)

In 2001, Lindbergh’s operation ushered in a new era for surgery. A patient hospitalized at Strasbourg University Hospital was operated on using a surgical robot whose controls were held in New York by Professor Jacques Marescaux. The interest of this technological work? Remove geographic barriers to make advanced operations accessible worldwide. Other successful experiments have since confirmed the extraordinary potential of remote robot-assisted surgery. But if telemedicine has been widely democratized in many other medical fields, it remains very rare at the moment in operating rooms. The fault is primarily with network connectivity requirements. However, it promises a very bright future. Especially since robot-assisted surgery is emerging. The Da Vinci robot, the best -selling in the world, has already sold nearly 6,000 copies. As for specific robotics training, if they stay “stutter”, according to the term used in a report by the National Academy of Medicine dated December 2021, they are expected to grow rapidly. Lorraine University already offers a diploma in robotic surgery, including practical training in the use of the Da Vinci robot.

The chef specializes in food 3D printing

In the village of Wolvega, in the north of the Netherlands, a new type of restaurant opened its doors in 2018. Not so much the completely black decor of this former bank has been converted into a temple of gastronomy that produces the originality of place, or even the wonderful local products that its three-starred chef wants to work with. Its unity is behind the stoves, where special clerks operate: 3D printers. An octopus modeled from avocado, cauliflower muslin laces, chocolate arabesques … Gone are the days when these devices could only make small plastic things! Also in the kitchen, the development in three-dimensional printing, or additive manufacturing, heralds a real revolution. In addition to the precision of gesture and the creative freedoms it allows, this new food technology promises many other benefits, including dietary and environmental. This is well understood by the sector. Some specialized manufacturers are now discussing the agri-food sector. This is the case of British start-up Choc Edge with its famous Choc Creator, Natural Machines and its Foodini, or the giant 3D Systems and its ChefJet Pro. It is a safe bet that when it comes to the market of increasingly sophisticated machines, the pioneering initiative of the Dutch chef will soon be emulated.

Pilot commercial flights in space

“You can now remove your seat belts. » The formula couldn’t be more common in a cockpit. It was less in the mouths of the pilots of the Virgin Galactic flight on July 11, 2021. When Richard Branson and the other passengers of the VSS Unity were able to move freely inside the cabin … at no weight! The career of galaxy tourism began with a resounding start last summer. A few days apart, British billionaire entrepreneur and his space adventure rival Jeff Bezos both successfully crossed the Karman line, the symbolic boundary between Earth’s atmosphere and space. On the Virgin Galactic side, we have already announced the first commercial flight of private astronauts for the fourth quarter of 2022. If so far, the price of tickets (sold between 200,000 and 450,000 dollars) corresponds to that limited audience of multi-billionaires, the suborbital flight market is supposed to be a real industry. Especially since tourism is not the only outlet expected by the pioneers of the sector. Several American and Chinese companies are currently working on establishing long-haul spaceflight. This is the case of the very publicized Virgin Galactic, SpaceX and Blue Origin, but also of more cautious companies like Axiom Space, Bigelow Aerospace or the Chinese Space Transportation. This latest start-up has just announced the establishment, from 2025, of a space line connecting Beijing to New York in just 1 hour. It remains to be seen who will pilot these new types of commercial flights. The question has been the subject of several studies and think tanks in the aeronautics community. The conclusions agree on the recruitment of pilots with long experience, and preferably from military aviation.

Air traffic controller for drones

What if the roar of drones became the background sound of our daily lives? It’s been prophesied for years: tomorrow, drones will be everywhere. Entertainment, network monitoring, infrastructure diagnostics, mapping, parcel delivery … As professional uses increase, the market is still struggling to take off, particularly hampered by regulatory barriers related to security. Without specific air traffic regulation, there is no possible expansion of drone -related activities. Witness the chaos caused by London-Gatwick airport in 2018 with the presence of drones near runways. In addition to a huge increase in traffic – which must be alleviated with the help of artificial intelligence – these unmanned machines raise new risks that various government air safety authorities are currently trying to respond to. Hacking, electronic frequency jamming, possible communication problems between drones and controllers … Testing platforms specially designed to respond to these threats. In the United States, the Federal Aviation Administration has announced the imminent entry into the testing phase of its prototype system. Israel and Singapore have already conducted similar tests. Notice to aspiring air traffic controllers, if you are worried about the crisis the sector is going through, know that a new niche will soon see the light of day.

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Article from T La Revue n ° 9 “Working, is it really justified?” -Currently on newsstands and available at kiosque.latribune.fr/t-la-revue