Two years ago, SpaceX sent 2 people into space. Since then, there have been 24 more.

Two years ago and this is historic: SpaceX is sending humans into space for the first time. Since then, this has become fairly common for American companies.

This is June 30, 2020. A Falcon 9 rocket broke away from Earth’s gravity for a very special mission. In fact, this is the first time in nearly ten years that an American spacecraft has been launched into space with a crew on board. Inside the SpaceX charter launch vehicle are two NASA astronauts: Douglas Hurley and Robert Behnken. Their mission: to reach the International Space Station (ISS).

The mission, titled Demo-2, was a success. After nearly 63 days aboard the ISS, at an altitude of 400 kilometers, the two men returned to Earth with a landing off the coast of Florida. In doing so, SpaceX paved the way for the resumption of human flight into space from the United States, nearly a decade after the retirement of the American space shuttle – it retired from active service in July 2011.

Douglas Hurley and Robert Behnken. // Source: NASA Kennedy

In many ways, this mission undertaken two years ago is historic: it marked the return of the United States to the space race, with the re-establishment of its own capabilities for autonomous access to the extra environment. .-atmospheric. More importantly, the mission involves an American company, with a ship launched from American soil, with a national crew inside. All correct boxes have been checked.

Since then, SpaceX has never been idle. After Douglas Hurley and Robert Behnken, seen as precursors, the American company undertook six other manned missions, always from the USA, always accompanied by an American rocket. But on the passenger side, openness to other nationalities has been observed, within the framework of cooperation with foreign space agencies or private flights for tourist purposes.

Within two years, 24 people have been transferred between Earth and galaxy through the care of SpaceX – one can almost say that a certain task has been fixed for society, that it has become “sacred”. How the automatic returns of the first stage of each rocket launched became worthless, available again later.

Crew-1

SpaceX’s first operational mission to the ISS, in six months (November 2020 – May 2021). Victor J. Glover is making his very first flight into space, the other three have already been sent two or even three times to the ISS.

  • Michael Hopkins (American, flight commander);
  • Victor J. Glover (American, pilot);
  • Soichi Noguchi (Japanese, mission specialist);
  • Shannon Walker (American, mission specialist);

Crew-2

New SpaceX mission on the ISS, which this time took place from April to November 2021. This mission was specifically followed in France, due to the presence of Thomas Pesquet on board.

  • Robert Shane Kimbrough (American, Flight Commander);
  • Megan McArthur (American, pilot);
  • Akihiko Hoshide (Japanese, mission specialist);
  • Thomas Pesquet (French, mission specialist);

inspiration 4

Inspiration 4 is SpaceX’s first manned space mission that does not include the ISS. This includes sending the capsule into orbit around the Earth for three days. None of the passengers were professional astronauts.

  • Jared Isaacman (American, Flight Commander);
  • Sian Proctor (American, pilot);
  • Hayley Arceneaux (American, mission specialist);
  • Christopher Sembroski (American, mission specialist);

Crew-3

New six-month mission, with similar characteristics to Crew-1 and Crew-2. It took place from November 2021 to May 2022. Only Thomas Mashburn is a veteran. The other three are making their very first flight into space.

  • Raja Chari (American, flight commander);
  • Thomas Marshburn (American, pilot);
  • Kayla Barron (American, mission specialist);
  • Matthias Maurer (German, mission specialist);

AX-1

First American private space mission on the ISS, under the aegis of SpaceX, in partnership with Axiom. Michael López-Alegría is the only professional astronaut. The other three are tourists. They spent 17 days on the ISS.

  • Michael López-Alegría (American, flight commander);
  • Larry Connor (American, pilot);
  • Eytan Stibbe (Israeli, mission specialist);
  • Mark Pathy (Canadian, mission specialist);

Crew-4

SpaceX’s latest mission. He left in April 2022 and will stay there for another six months. The return is scheduled for September. Jessica Watkins was the first black woman to join the ISS.

  • Kjell N. Lindgren (American, flight commander);
  • Robert Hines (American, pilot);
  • Samantha Cristoforetti (Italian, mission specialist);
  • Jessica Watkins (American, mission specialist);

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