The June astronomical calendar has Brazil in space, a new manned mission from China and Supermoon

We are entering the sixth month of this very busy year in space! And June couldn’t be different: it’s full of events, starting with two manned missions on the same day!

One of them, with a particular taste for Brazil. After all, this is the second time in history that a Brazilian has been launched into space. The other, of primary importance to China, is taking the country a big step forward in the hotly contested career in space.

The moon also carries cargo missions to the International Space Station (ISS), satellite launches and fascinating natural phenomena such as the first Super Moon of the year.

It should be noted that all times mentioned here are based on the Brasilia (DF) time zone and will vary depending on which part of the country you are in.

June Astronomical Calendar

June 4: Blue Origin’s New Shepard spacecraft will launch at 10 am from the company’s Launch Site One facility in Van Horn, West Texas, with six passengers aboard, for a short suborbital flight approximately 11 minutes above the line of Kármán (100 kilometers above sea level), considered the boundary of the galaxy by international authorities.

During Blue Origin’s 5th manned mission, Victor Hespanha, civil production engineer, will be the 2nd Brazilian to be launched into space. Photo: Personal Archives – Instagram

Among the members of this mission, which will be the company’s fifth manned mission, is Victor Correa Hespanha, a civil production engineer from Minas Gerais, who will be the second Brazilian in history to go into space. The first is former astronaut and former Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation, Marcos Pontes. Victor won his seat through a lottery organized by the Crypto Space Agency (CSA), after getting three NFT (non-fungible tokens) through the platform.

The launch will be broadcast live on Digital lookfrom 9:30 am, on our official profiles on YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, TwitterLinkedIn at TikTok.

On the same day, at 11:40 pm (Sunday morning in China), a Long March-2F rocket will emerge from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in the Gobi Desert, with three taikonauts aboard the Shenzhou-14 mission.

The crew, whose members have not yet been disclosed by the China Manned Space Administration (CMSA), will travel to the Tiangong space station for a stay of approximately six months. During this time, they will mainly work on preparing the main Tianhe module for the addition of two new modules.

June 7: SpaceX will launch the Dragon CRS-25 cargo resupply mission on the ISS. A Falcon 9 rocket will take off from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida at 12:25 p.m.

June 13: A Rocket Lab Electron rocket will launch the mission Cislunar Autonomous Positioning System Operations and Navigation Experience (CAPSTONE) by NASA to the Moon from the Mahia Peninsula in New Zealand.

June 14: The full moon of June arrives at 8:52 am, with a twist: this month, the Moon reaches its full phase in conjunction with making its elliptical orbit at its highest approach to Earth – a point called the perigee. When this happens, it is often called the Supermoon phenomenon, a term that came from astrologers in the late 1970s. This is just the first appearance of 2022: another Supermoon will occur in July.

The June astronomical calendar has Brazil in space
The Super Moon occurs when the Moon reaches its full (full) part at the same time as it approaches its elliptical orbit on Earth – a point called the perigee. The farthest point is called the apogee. Photo: VectorMine –

June 21st: The winter solstice occurs at 6:08 am, which marks the first day of winter in the southern hemisphere and the shortest day of the year.

June 24: All the planets in the solar system visible to the eye from Earth (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) appear in the sky at the same time throughout the moon. However, on the 24th, before dawn (about 5:05 am), they are at their highest brightness, relying on the presence of the Moon between Venus and Mars.

The June astronomical calendar has Brazil in space

Photo of the night sky for June 24, 2022, when all the planets visible to the eye will appear in the sky simultaneously, including the Moon between Mars and Jupiter. Photo: Stellarium

This does not mean that the planets are interconnected. They appear to be aligned with the sky because they revolve around the Sun in much the same plane, called the ecliptic plane. And the fact that they are all on the same side of the solar system makes it possible to observe them simultaneously.

The following releases are also planned for June:

  • Russia will use a Soyuz rocket to launch the Progress 81 cargo resupply spacecraft on the ISS from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan;
  • An Arianespace 5 rocket will launch MEASAT 3d and GSAT 24 communications satellites from the Kourou Space Center in French Guiana;
  • The US Space Force’s experimental Wide Field of View Missile (WFOV) warning satellite will launch a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket on a mission called USSF 12 from the launch complex. ;
  • Another U.S. Space Force satellite, part of the USSF 44 mission, will be launched by SpaceX, which flew from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida;
  • A Falcon 9 rocket will launch the Nilesat 301 geostationary communications satellite from the Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida;
  • Astra will launch the first pair of CubeSats for the NASA TROPICS mission from the Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida;
  • The Arianespace Vega rocket will launch the Italian Space Agency’s LARES 2 satellite from the Kourou Space Center in French Guiana.

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