What are the key technological trends to initiate or continue the ecological and digital transition? Numeum explores the 6 “must haves” as so many key levers of change.
According to Gilles Babinet, Co-president of the National Digital Council, artificial intelligence is intended to develop as a corollary to the ecological transition. “Green digital” enables efficiency increases in production systems.
The official believes that artificial intelligence can reduce emissions in supply chains by accurately relying on supply and demand, optimizing transportation and storage routes and identifying the lowest carbon products. . This is the case for the distribution, agriculture or service sectors to optimize their emissions.
In terms of purchasing, algorithms can take into account the cost, the lead time, the criticality of this lead time, as well as externalities such as the carbon footprint of the product … In other words, technology can weigh many different flows to optimize processes.
For Jacques Sainte Marie, Deputy Scientific Director of Inria, ” the large number of measurable and available data makes it possible to understand and quantify many phenomena that are difficult to access by conventional models. The data contains information that often aids in mechanical, physical and mathematical modeling because other dimensions open the way to new original techniques for prediction and optimization.. »
Thus, the optimization of large energy systems uses artificial intelligence that makes it possible, for example, to reduce intermittency problems within solar farms. It allows forecasts of sunlight over the next 5 minutes, or the next day. Thanks to this permanent optimization, total renewable energy production is maximized.
Ecodesign and Ecoresponsibility by design
The international standard ISO 14062 defines ecodesign as the integration of the environment from the design of a product or service, and at all stages of its life cycle. The approach can take the very design of a product or service to a logic of sustainable development. It is incorporated natively into the finite element, by nature.
In part, eco-responsibility is a relatively generic term used to classify certain types of actions intended to limit the environmental impact of companies ’day-to-day activities. To limit the footprint, it is up to each entity to set up new management of its assets or reorganize the work of its employees. A field where awareness or so -called “nudge” techniques can take their place in ecological transition.
Edge computing and IoT
Edge computing represents the infrastructure equipment that makes the link between the Cloud and end users. This logic addresses a need to facilitate access to data that is sometimes remote to the user. The technology therefore improves the speed of transfers, especially of real-time data streams (audio, video, etc.).
Jonathan Rivalan, co-pilot of CSF Digital Infrastructures ’5G Thematic Group, explains:“On the energy side, Edge makes it possible to rationalize, optimize consumption through software, by controlling the distribution of infrastructure applications. It is now possible to control the ignition of the infrastructure according to the needs of the user. Thus, we get a set of calculations or storage points, turning on or off as needed.. ”
The need is obvious as long as, at present, digital infrastructures can prove to be inadequate in size. In this logic, the IoT is the last link in the IT chain to be optimized. Consisting of drones, sensors, temperature or humidity probes, surveillance cameras, access badges, the IoT can generate congestion and interfere with usage. The orchestra’s current efforts aim to run the Cloud, the Edge and the IoT from a single source, in order to optimize local consumption around the world.
Open source as a relay for ecological transition
The topic of open source is closely related to openness and dynamics. In a world where a galaxy of suppliers, operators of physical equipment or services operates, the central node remains the standardization for interoperability.
Jonathan Rivalan, Deputy Chairman of the Open Source Hub of the Systematic cluster, explains: “Open source facilitates operability between market players. Technological standards defined at the international level are offered in the form of open source tools. This facilitates their implementation of the products and the opening of the market to new players. Thus, an infrastructure provider will be able to provide its equipment with standardized software solutions, known to publishers, who are more likely to use them.. ”
Ultimately, each company can analyze and adjust the energy consumption of its open source software equipment, because its code is open. It will then project itself towards the goal of convergence and expand the wider possibility of rationalization.
The cloud-migration approach
Like SaaS for software publishing, the cloud allows better visibility of digital assets. In a migration-to-cloud logic, certain technologies or methods allow better efficiency of material or services. FinOps makes it possible to limit cloud -related costs by providing controlled resource management. The practice is relevant as long as it makes it possible to limit the ecological impact of these technologies. A technology determined to serve the ecological transition.
Micro-Applications are presented as web tools intended for end users. Less heavy than their mobile cousins, these elements are intended to deliver a particular service to the Internet user. Without bothering with redundant features. So they entered into a logic of asserted digital sobriety.
Finally, APIs or connectors are presented as micro-services that allow several products to interact with each other. And this, without knowing the details of their implementation. Particularly lightweight, these connectors simplify application development and connect complex infrastructures by building cloud-native tools.
Quantum computing in the service of ecological transition
Quantum technologies are on the brink of potential major scientific and technological breakthroughs. They will have effects on society as a whole, with spin-offs in many areas. Given the stakes, in economic terms and sovereignty, these possible disruptions are subject to global competition involving both the State and all digital giants. The element that makes this development atypical is the unprecedented interaction between basic research, technological research, entrepreneurial and industrial dynamics.
Another use, quantum computing can be useful for weather predictions. Especially when mixing conventional and quantum computing while running it with multiple machine learning algorithms. Thus, machine learning models based on neural networks are trained using complete data of several specific regions.
The goal is clear: to identify missing elements from poorly documented regions. One of these, developed in 2016 at MIT and called OPC (Offshore Precipitation Capability), allows, for example, to determine a weather map from incomplete data. They come from the satellite view of clouds or lightning strikes.