SpaceX is Elon Musk’s first baby. He didn’t hide it and immediately admitted to caring for Tesla as a hobby. We show you some of the failures and successes that explain the unforgivable nature of SpaceX.
The ambition of space coverage since 2002
Always at the forefront of scientific research, Elon Musk founded a company dedicated to space in 2002. It was called Space X (Space Exploration Technologies Corporation). Its headquarters and design offices are located in Hawthorne, California. It is one of two private service providers to which NASA has contracted to deliver payload to international space stations. The company designs, manufactures and sells the Falcon 9 launcher, Merlin thrusters as well as the Dragon cargo ship and its habitable version.
Elon Musk’s goal
In fact, Elon Musk’s goal was to design space launchers that were capable of returning to Earth and therefore reusable. The costs will thus be greatly reduced. Moreover, he expects the possibility of having civilians travel in space …
The failures of the first launches
Falcon 1, a “reusable” launcher, had a difficult start:
- First test on March 24, 2006, the launcher broke down 1 minute after takeoff
- 2nd firing on March 21, 2007, the second phase of the motor closed too fast, the payload dropped after reaching 320 kms
- 3rd flight on August 3, 2008, failure due to collision between 1st and second stage, at the time of separation.
The era of successes:
Finally, victory came in the 4th shot on September 28, 2008.
The 5th flight succeeded in putting the Malaysian observation satellite RazakSat into orbit on July 13, 2009. The Falcon 1 program was then abandoned.
Following a call for tenders issued by NASA to reach the international space station, Space X’s Falcon 9 launcher was selected. On June 4, 2010, the Falcon 9 rocket was launched from base at Cape Canaveral. This is a Dragon freighter model that serves as a payload.
The exploitation on December 21, 2015
Falcon 9 achieved a historic victory on December 21, 2015. When it flew from Cape Canaveral at 8:30 pm local time, the rocket not only placed 11 satellites around the Earth in low orbit, but allowed it to recover. the success. the first stage of the rocket that sits properly at its base!
It remains to be seen if the stage recovered did not suffer too much damage, but it is a certain fact that this flight will mark the history of aerospace!
Of course, this premiere is an incredible technological feat, but it also opens the horizon towards cheaper spaceflight. In fact, usually, the first stage of launchers, the most expensive, crashes while returning to Earth.
Elon Musk, a great unlimited visionary, has proven that he can also achieve a revolution in the space field. After the electric car, the idea of a supersonic train, his dreams came true as if, for him, the impossible never existed …
Successful manned launch on May 30, 2020
Following the successful launch of the Dragon capsule powered by the Falcon 9 rocket on May 30, we wanted to develop a complete French-language section on SpaceX in Tesla Magazine. Elon Musk and SpaceX announced via Twitter the amazing projects and acquisitions that highlight the change in SpaceX. Latest: the acquisition of a robot dog from Boston Dynamics, Zeus.
During this article we will try to answer this question: why is SpaceX imposing a new deal on space occupation?
SpaceX: now the dream of commercial flights is becoming a reality
With this successful launch, SpaceX proves the imminent possibility of participating in space flights for the richest of us. This is a new opportunity that many companies like Virgin Galactic also want to offer in a few years.
SpaceX is working with operators to offer seats on board SpaceX rockets for sale. In fact, Elon Musk announced that he is working with the company Space Aventures to offer seats in Crew Dragon capsules, which can be booked online, depending on the mission, exactly how we can book a ticket to plane. Tom Cruise will be running to be one of the first to take off aboard. Elon Musk and SpaceX are now giving millions of people the right to dream of space travel.
R&D: SpaceX is a dazzling company in its innovation
The company created in 2002 demonstrates amazing technological advancement in all companies by going so far as to redefine astronauts ’equipment. Brought to his Science-fiction universe, Elon Musk assumes the reality of dreaming as big as life on SpaceX. One of Elon Musk’s main arguments when he announced the idea of SpaceX was the firm intention to reduce costs on rocket launches that he knew he could reduce drastically to force himself into the market.
This is why reusable launchers are the innovation that best fulfills its desire to offer cheap flights, it is also the most impressive and understandable innovation for the general public. In fact, the very idea of reusing launchers instead of seeing them explode in the sky after launch, as happened before the arrival of SpaceX, is necessarily a strategic turning point for the world.
Recently, SpaceX announced equipment that also proves a major development: in fact, SpaceX is keen to prepare itself the best techniques to make this principle viable. Therefore, the company has invested in autonomous barges that allow launchers to recover.
and in drones, which once the launcher returns, allow it to be more properly adjusted to the barge to avoid it being destabilized. And inside its barges, a robot called an “octograbber” manages to secure the booster after it lands (The video above shows things very well).
Recently, the company announced that it has acquired a dog-robot, Zeus, from Boston Dynamics, that will have a mission of inspecting the prototypes during tests so as not to take risks during the processes. R&D. This robot costs an average of $ 100,000, showing you the care SpaceX needs to stay ahead.
SpaceX: space is becoming an issue for the world
SpaceX has redefined the blocks and global geopolitics of space. Previously concentrated around European, American, Russian and Chinese poles. SpaceX came up with an innovative offer open to the highest bidder to operate manned flights with the same quality of service. Suffice it to say that the order book is full. If you want to know the next SpaceX missions, you can consult the SpaceX Wikipedia page (in English) which is very complete on the subject.
Focus on special projects powered by SpaceX
SpaceX also changes the contours of galaxy conquest. Still a private company, SpaceX will develop proprietary satellite programs with its own economic model and will be the services of this exceptional company. Given the nature of the American firm’s work, confidentiality remains the norm and it’s up to Elon Musk and SpaceX to communicate at the right time. Among these special projects we will note:
Starlink: a satellite constellation to be an access provider
Providing super fast internet is one of the missions of this satellite network. In 2020, SpaceX’s official website announced that it will allow Canadians and Americans to take advantage of the service and then deploy it in 2021 worldwide. Typically, the company forms with Starlink a financial windfall capable of financing the conquest of Mars.
It’s only a few weeks before the launch of the Private Beta to test the speed of this new service. Currently, several prototype Starlink receivers are being tested in the United States. Here in Wisconsin but also in California and Texas.
Space tourism: the moon as a gift
SpaceX also offers the moon to the highest bidder, in fact, the company and Elon Musk have a restricted network of billionaires who are willing to offer the moon as the ultimate achievement of a lifetime material success. Among them, Yusaku Maezawa, billionaire from Zozotown origin, the founder of Japan’s leading online sales site will be the first to travel to the moon from 2023. Tom Cruise will also run.
Space X sets out to colonize Mars
Elon Musk has a tendency to communicate his plans and then determine them throughout the deployment of projects and this reassures investors when it comes to covering the galaxy. In 2017, during the 68th International Astronautical Congress in Australia Elon Musk announced his ambitious plan to occupy Mars, a plan at that time over 5 years, of which here are the major milestones.
On this subject, dates should not be considered fixed. The design of the ITS (Interplanetary transport System) or Starship, as the name implies, was designed to allow flights between planets on the planet Mars. SpaceX lets the world see the tests conducted to prove the feasibility of such a system.
In this system, Elon Musk aims to multiply by 5 the power of launchers designed in the history of space conquest. The key to this conquest is mastery of the reusable elements of rockets. Thus, costs are greatly reduced and then it is possible to make several trips to Mars with 100 people per hour.