The last two initiatives were included in the declaration of environment ministers during the Saudi Presidency of the G20 in 2020.
Last October, the Crown Prince announced two initiatives worth SR39 billion ($ 10.39 billion) to combat climate change, to which Saudi Arabia will contribute approximately 15% of the total amount.
The Saudi Green Initiative and Middle East Green Initiative aim to plant 10 billion trees.
Nearly 150 different activities will be offered at the International Afforestation Technology Expo and Forum, with participation from international and local agencies, governments, the commercial sector and non-profit environmental groups.
Approximately 90 environmental, climate, sustainability and investment experts from approximately 20 countries and international organizations will also attend.
There will be 19 dialogue sessions, workshops, over 50 scientific papers and approximately 80 exhibitors showcasing their products, ideas and innovations.
They represent the latest technological breakthroughs in combating desertification and minimizing its impact, developing and protecting vegetation cover, as well as the latest advances in experiment, research and scientific study.
The exhibition covers topics such as nurseries, seeds, afforestation and technologies, soil rehabilitation and desertification, irrigation technologies, forest management and development, water resources and technologies, solutions in the environment for plant carbon storage, pest control and agricultural waste management.
The National Center for the Development of Vegetation Cover and the Fight Against Desertification works in protecting and controlling vegetative cover sites throughout the Kingdom, the rehabilitation of degraded species, the detection of encroachments, the fight against deforestation and the management and investment. in pastures, forests and national parks, which promotes sustainable environmental development and contributes to achieving the goals of the Saudi Green Initiative.
Experts told Arab News that these investments are essential to achieve the global goals of protecting the environment, controlling climate change and mitigating the effects of greenhouse emissions.
Dr. said. Amal Aldaej, Advisor for International Relations and Strategic Partnerships, that the Saudi Green Initiative is considered the biggest initiative to accelerate the path of the Kingdom towards a healthy, clean and green future.
“The initiative will help reduce carbon emissions and sandstorms, combat desertification and soil degradation, and lower temperatures. It will also help restore the country’s damaged ecosystems and improve natural capital,” she said.
He added that the Saudi Green Initiative will connect communities with high -level policy and technical and financial assistance that will have a huge social and economic impact.
He stressed that alliances in the region play an important role in addressing the challenges of climate change and global warming. Through regional alliances and joint efforts to address climate change, adaptation and mitigation can play a critical role in investment and ensuring sustainability.
Aldaej clarified that there is a strong link between climate change and sustainable development through regional alliances. Poor and developing countries, especially less developed countries, will be among the most affected and less able to cope with the expected shocks to their social, economic and natural systems, which will result in cross-border climate issues.
“Issues related to climate change and global warming can affect countries in the region and can also affect other regions. Sustainable goals can only be achieved through regional alliances through investment and ensuring sustainability through joint efforts. »
Environmental activist Talal S. Al-Rashid stressed “the importance of activating the role of community organizations” to achieve this.
Al-Rashid, consultant to Gulf Energy for Environmental Consultations, said the Saudi Green Initiative and Middle East Green Initiative emphasize the importance of land conservation and the Kingdom’s leadership position to contribute to the goals. global.
Saudi Arabia faces many environmental problems, including high temperatures of 52 degrees Celsius in parts of the country and lack of rainfall, which threaten water security and increase sandstorms and its impact on the economy. harmful.
Al-Rashid said the ministry prioritizes community participation in growing local plants to raise awareness about the environment.