Across the province, members of Apiculteurs et apicultrices du Québec recorded an average loss of 60% of their hives, which is three times the average mortality rate.
In Bas-Saint-Laurent, beekeeper Thierry Trigaux noticed similar losses in his hives. Only about twenty of its 50 bee colonies survived the winter.
The Baie-des-Sables beekeeper points to a parasite, the varroa mite, which takes advantage of the late summer and hot autumn to multiply and destroy its bees.
” In recent years, we have had a very difficult winter for bees. Unfortunately, from one year to another, we are no longer able to increase the herd [au niveau de] health that we have in the beginning. »
Rebuilding the apiary was a delicate operation. It is necessary to take part of the brood of one nest to rebuild the others.
We weaken the living colonies a bit to try to increase the number of hives. The more losses you have, the more brood you will have to extract from the surviving colonies to rebuild the apiary.he explains.
Such an operation can be performed for losses of 10% to 20%, but not for losses of 50% to 60%, added Thierry Trigaux. The beekeeper lost two-thirds of his hives in 2018.
Apiculteurs et apicultrices du Québec also requested $ 12 million in assistance from the government. According to Thierry Trigaux, this assistance would be welcome. However, he insists that we should look further and rethink our use of chemical inputs in agriculture.
Not with money does a person rebuild an apiary, it is with work. There are solutions other than money, I think specifically the conditions of agricultural production. We use a lot of chemical inputs, which destroy beesanalyzes the beekeeper.
In Gaspésie, beekeeper John Forest is also seeing bigger losses than usual, though they remain lower than those faced by his colleagues.
Maria’s resident criticized the use of pesticides and the loss of biodiversity in agriculture, especially in blueberry fields.
” While we use a lot of glyphosate, it kills a lot, it makes it harder. They try to make monoculture without anything, then the bees run out of flowers to grow. That’s why we’re talking a lot about the dandelion this year, and not cutting the lawn. »
On the North Shore, hives beekeeper Yannick Tremblay, from Les Bergeronnes, has not experienced the murder that has ruined the apiaries of his colleagues. Only 10% of her hives did not survive the winter.
His varroa -related losses were also very low, a situation he explained to several beekeepers on the North Shore and a shorter period in the region.
However, he believes that the use of neonicotinoid pesticides and glyphosate is a
major issues that need to be addressed.
Yannick Tremblay also regrets the government’s inaction in this matter.
It doesn’t seem to be moving. There is listening, but it changes the speed of the breast, or almost nothis observation.
Support of the Parti Québécois
Faced with the high mortality rate of bee colonies in the province, the Parti Québécois proposed, over the weekend, to ban the use of neonicotinoid pesticides and glyphosate.
The MNA for Gaspé and spokesperson for QPin terms of agriculture and food, Méganne Perry Mélançon, expressed concern about the harmful effects of pesticides on pollinators, but also on air, water, soil and food quality.
” This type of pesticide is still widely used, despite the goals set by the government itself to reduce the use of certain pesticides by 25%. We see that it is only rising, and we see in waterways, near agricultural land, that the level of pesticides is still very high. »
ang QPalso asked the government to release the $ 12 million emergency aid requested by beekeepers, to help them surpass the mortality rate in their hives that is too high than usual.