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FOOD ANALYSIS. Once the legislative elections are over, the food check may take effect. For whom ? What value? We tell you everything.

[Mis à jour le 23 mai 2022 à 14h28] Food vouchers coming soon! Promised by Emmanuel Macron for almost two years, this check that allows the middle class and low wages to benefit from the supplement for the purchase of fruits and vegetables should take effect in the coming weeks. In all likelihood, after the legislative elections (June 12 and 19, 2022). This may be part of the purchasing power bill desired by the Head of State. The amount of it? Between 30 and 60 euros, but nothing has been decided yet. The executive wants to promote the French, organic sector, and in particular short circuits. He also plans to target this food check to fruits and vegetables.

The idea of ​​new aid to try to counter the harmful effects of inflation is already smoking in the government’s mind, even before the second round of presidential elections and the start of Emmanuel Macron’s second term. It should be the chief mission of the new government of Elisabeth Borne, who has been appointed Prime Minister. The track was confirmed by spokesman for the last government Gabriel Attal shortly after the re -election of Emmanuel Macron, following statements by Agriculture Minister Julien Denormandie in April, amid the campaign between the two rounds. “The idea is to say that now you have almost eight million of our countrymen who have difficulty having access to local productions, to high-quality productions, to our French productions in reality and therefore we must give them of help to help them get it.“he declared.

Who is eligible for a food voucher? Who will be the beneficiary?

If Emmanuel Macron is re-elected and this new aid is to be set up, the food check should be a device aimed at the most deprived of people. Emmanuel Macron spoke about the “lower classes” and “middle classes” in France Bleu on March 22, 2022. What would be the norm? Will there be a reference tax income threshold that will not be exceeded? So far, these questions have not been arbitrary. At this stage, many leads are on the table. In 2021, the Ministry of the Economy defended the idea that the system would be entrusted to municipal centers for social action (CCAS), thus targeting 5 million beneficiaries, a track that Citizens ’Convention citizens also showed in their report.

The Minister of Agriculture, he is more inclined to help for “young people or families with low -income children”, in the form of a check or card. The idea was also brought up by Paris deputy Mounir Mahjoubi, who is defending a project close to Julien Denormandie.

Charities, they estimate that the number of potential beneficiaries is much higher, at 8 million. According to a CSA institute survey, more than a million French people have used food banks since the health crisis began in March. “Having less than a million beneficiaries will not be beneficial; the real target is between six and eight million,” MP Mounir Mahjoubi said in an interview with West-France in the spring of 2021.

Will 18-25 year olds be the first to be affected by the food voucher? How are the students?

Will young people be the first beneficiaries of Emmanuel Macron’s food check? Invited by Jean-Jacques Bourdin on April 21, 2022, the Minister of Agriculture, Julien Denormandie, said he was in favor of it, while indicating that arbitrations had not yet taken place. “Now, we haven’t finished the work yet,” he admits, as decisions will be made by the end of March. “Today, the number of people affected by this nutritional inequality is 8 million people. For me, my priority, among them, is young people, 18-25 years old”. He also slipped with the amount of 50 euros on the table.

Is CAF responsible for the distribution of food vouchers?

The Family Allowance Fund does not currently provide food vouchers nationwide but may be the body responsible for this system, which is linked to the social aid it already pays for. At the local level, some food assistance schemes can now be put in place. It is advisable to contact the social action department of your fund. On its dedicated site, Caf de Saône-et-Loire notably featured the implementation of one-off assistance in April 2020, to help the poorest buy basic food products. The device was previously aimed at beneficiaries of family benefits, APL, RSA and the activity bonus.

The value of the food check is not yet known. So far, only the deputy for Paris, Mounir Mahjoubi, has presented a quantified proposal, with a check that the price is between 30 and 60 euros per month per family. “The total budget could increase from a few hundred million to two billion euros,” the deputy said in February 2021 in Ouest-France. “Then, it will come to confronting other proposals, such as specific allocations for the Covid period. This is the whole topic of discussions taking place at the government level”, he added earlier. The strong agricultural union FNSEA offers a device that will allow you to spend 5 euros a day. Invited by Jean-Jacques Bourdin on April 21, 2021, Julien Denormandie advanced the amount of 50 euros per month. Regarding the method of payment, nothing has been decided yet. Check, credit card or bank transfer, you have to wait a few weeks to find out more.

Which products will be affected? Can we buy everything with a food voucher?

The priority of Emmanuel Macron and his government is fruits and vegetables. And French if possible, from short circuits, and organic! This food check can be used at the supermarket or at the stalls of your local groceries. According to the many indecisions spread in recent weeks, the amount should be adjusted around 60 eurosfor an envelope of 4 to 6 billion worth for the State.

What role can CCAS play in the food voucher system?

Municipal social assistance centers, the CCAS, could play a key role in providing future food vouchers. The Ministry of the Economy in any case in 2021 defended the idea that municipal centers for social action ensure distribution (read below). In fact, CCAS already plays a decisive role in the most precarious. They can indeed deliver assistance, either in the form of assistance in kind (food parcels), or financial assistance (assistance for school catering, food vouchers or vouchers, personalized support checks, etc.).

Want to know if your municipality provides food stamps? Turn on your CCAS, as devices vary from one locality to another. In the Somme department, for example, the CCAS of the town of Albert has set up vouchers worth 25 euros since June 2020. The number of vouchers varies according to the composition of the household from 4 to 7 vouchers “distributed for a period of 2 months variable.”

Will a food check allow you to buy organic products?

Here too, the list should be subject to arbitration as soon as possible. In their report, the citizens of the Citizen’s Convention for the Climate, at the origin of the project through a presentation in 2021, defended a device that allows the purchase of “sustainable products (from agroecology, short circuits)”. “The term“ sustainable ”is often used as a designation for 50% of the products that must enter the composition of collective catering meals (…) resulting from the law of EGALIM”, we read in their report.

“The LREM group offers to offer food vouchers (…) [qui] will make it possible to get good products as defined in the Egalim law: fresh products with a mark of quality – organic type or labels – with priority on fruits and vegetables ”, then explained LREM deputy Mounir Mahjoubi in 2021 in the daily region. Western France. “Opening up to other more expensive products does not mean it will be significant in the family basket. For us, 85% of the money invested has to be returned to farmers. However, we know that in some types of workers and urban. scope, with little sales on short circuits or on the farm, nothing would be possible if we did not work with large retailers ”. The scenario defended by Bercy, proposing to assign this capability to CCAS, is in this line as well. “The State will therefore pay the difference between a normal food basket and a basket that meets the sustainable standards (organic, red label, IGP, etc.) defined by the Egalim law of 2018”, we read in The echoes.

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