NASA has detailed future stages of space exploration up to the Moon and Mars

In a document published May 17 on its site, NASA announced its plans for the future of space exploration by listing scientific and technological goals to be achieved in the coming years. The goal: to make way for the potential landing of astronauts on Mars.

Although it has yet to launch its first Artemis lunar mission, the Nasa begins with the adjustment of the arrival ofastronauts on Mars. Human exploration of the Red Planet is considered an important milestone in the future of space exploration, the broken billionaire Elon Musk confirming the arrival of the first Martian settlers before 2030. To this end, the American space agency has published May 17, 2022 a document detailing the 50 points of goals that must be fulfilled to begin the rush to Mars. The list is divided into different parts: the design of means of transportation and accommodation, the creation of infrastructure in space or even the scientific and technical objectives that must be accomplished during the missions in Moon or March.

Preparing for the colonization of Mars

With this document, NASA is fulfilling its ambition to perpetuate Man’s presence in space, and more specifically on the Moon and Mars. The list has several points associated with the creation and establishment of transport networks between the Earth and space base. A relay could be set up to allow the transfer of large quantities of material to the Moon, which is necessary for building a permanent outpost. NASA wants to predict some of the problems that astronauts may encounter, 300,000 kilometers from Earth. Point n ° 8 (TH-8) stressed the need to design a system capable of monitoring the health of astronauts with the aim of providing rapid medical assistance, if an emergency evacuation on Earth is not possible.

Regarding the construction of such infrastructures, the ambitions of the American space agency is worthy of the science fiction series The Galaxy. NASA wants to build a electrical network on the Moon, capable of givingenergy in one ” industrial scale ». The administration wants to be more measurable by addressing the Martian part of the document: establishing a permanent communications network on Earth and an electrical network that allowsautonomy of a manned mission to the Red Planet.

The report explained that one of the priorities of such missions is to conduct scientific experiments on the surface of Mars and the Moon. Astronauts thus have to perform geological survey, making it possible to study the evolution of our natural satellite and of the Red Planet. Future explorers will also look for traces of volcanic or seismic activity, while taking samples that will be returned to Earth to be subjected to more complete analysis.

Artemis, the step before Mars

The chances of seeing a crew land on Mars before 2030 are dwindling. NASA’s primary goal, in 2027, is to complete the Artemis program. The latter, launched in 2018 under the Donald Trump administration, should allow the United States to land astronauts on the Moon, fifty years after the program. Apollo. Initially, the Artemis III manned mission will be launched in 2024. But the many delays incurred by NASA have caused this date to be postponed until 2025. The first mission of the Artemis program, which will test the capabilities of the new rocket Space Launch System (SLS) and the Orion capsule, is due to launch in the summer of 2022, approximately eight months late. If it’s hard to predict whether NASA will succeed in meeting these new deadlines, the date of humans ’arrival on Mars could still be beyond 2030.

Meanwhile, the two Curiosity rover and Perseverance continue to roam the desert plains of the Red Planet. They regularly provide new ones photos and data from Mars. The opportunity for researchers to learn more about the history of the planet, its past habitat and potential traces of life with water on its surface 3 billion years ago.

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