Water is the source of life and allows it to be maintained. It is also a key element without it can not be the development of human activities.
Knowing the role of this natural resource in sustainable development, Morocco launched in the early sixties, under the reign of HM King Hassan II, an avant-garde and proactive policy of building dams . This policy, which was considered at the time as a dangerous venture by many countries such as Algeria, moreover, proved its effectiveness and made it possible to change the management of water resources at the national level.
However, for some time now, Morocco has faced a new reality, climate change that has become more complex, difficult to manage and has huge consequences for people and the environment. The repeated periods of drought that Morocco faces have become more complex, difficult to manage and the consequences are extremely severe, especially in terms of the lack of conventional water resources.
In this context, Morocco has turned to new solutions to guarantee its water needs. This is the desalination of sea water. It should be noted that the Moroccan coast extends over 3,500 kilometers and has two coasts, the Atlantic (2,934 kilometers) and the Mediterranean (512 kilometers). This means that the Kingdom has great assets that allow it to go all the way to its desire to make seawater desalination a real opportunity and an appropriate option to deal with water stress. which is visible.
According to specialists in water issues, the management of water resources is a goal that challenges all public and private actors, as long as our safety, whether human or economic, depends on the water issue. .
In one of its reports, the World Bank clearly sounded the alarm bell, establishing a direct link between climate change, the scarcity of water resources and the decline in GDP in some regions, in addition to outbreak of conflicts and worsening migration crisis.
Aware of the centrality of the water issue, the General Confederation of Moroccan Enterprises (CGEM) and the Moroccan Coalition for Water (COALMA) jointly organized the second edition of the Business Dialogue on the theme: “Management risks related in water resources, in the service of local development and PPPs. ”Participants in this conference, held on May 13, 2022 at the Water Museum in Marrakech, called for greater participation on the part of actors concerned with water issues, especially through Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), within the framework of the National Plan for Drinking Water Supply and Irrigation (PNAEPI) 2020-2027 signed in the presence of HM King Mohammed VI in 2020. The funding of the actions planned by PNAEPI 20-27 actually includes the PPP possibilities for the realization of several projects.These projects include the seawater desalination station in the Ca region. sablanca, to be built thanks to PPPs. The commissioning of the first phase of this project, launched in 2022, is scheduled for June 2026, while the second phase is due to be completed in 2030.
As pointed out by the Minister of Equipment and Water at the Business Dialogue on Water (May 13, 2022-Marrakesh), Public-Private partnership is made possible in the field of water resources management, especially through the construction of new stations of seawater desalination. to set up integrated, decentralized and participatory management of water resources.
It is now clear that the use of PPPs primarily makes it possible to benefit from the expertise and experience of public and private operators, in order to offer all Moroccans quality services, especially when it is a question of strategic and important sectors on which the security of the country and its citizens depend, including water and the management of this important resource, have become difficult.