new help before summer? For whom ?

FOOD ANALYSIS. Payment of the food check should take place in 2022. Terms, beneficiaries, payment date … We tell you all about the initial decisions.

[Mis à jour le 16 mai 2022 à 09h06] It should be part of the very first steps announced by Emmanuel Macron in the coming weeks! It was noted that during his campaign, before there was a guarantee to run for a second term, the food check could appear this summer, or even in a few weeks. “The text has already been executed, prepared and will be presented in the wake of the legislative elections to be ratified very quickly,” explained Gabriel Attal, government spokesman last week. A measure eagerly awaited by low wages and young people carrying the severe impact of rising consumer prices (+4.8% in April for a year).

If we don’t know the date of entry into force of this new system, the food voucher will be one of Emmanuel Macron’s priority projects at the launch of his second five -year term. The proposal is still on standby, as the new government is formed, but implementing the food check can be very complicated. From the method of payment to the profile of the beneficiaries, the equation is complicated in the context of rapid inflation that is depressing the French budget. Thus, a very strict device may not be noticed by many households who already have a ball in their stomach when going to the checkout of their supermarket and discovering the extent of the damage by reading the receipt or by consulting their accounts. .

Thursday 12 April, the President of FNSEA Christiane Lambert still pleaded the reason for its establishment on the airwaves of the RMC: “In the first 200 days it should be done (…) not in three years”. But then, what do we know about this potential food voucher? “The idea is to say that now you have almost eight million of our countrymen who have difficulty having access to local productions, to high-quality productions, to our French products in reality and therefore they need to help to help them get it. ”Agriculture Minister Julien Denormandie announced in April. The food check could benefit 8 million people in France, paid for by Caf or directly by the State. It should benefit from young people aged 18 to 25 that revenues remain relatively low. Ang families with children and with moderate income is also at the heart of meditation.

Who is eligible for a food voucher? Who will be the beneficiary?

If Emmanuel Macron is re-elected and this new aid is to be set up, the food check should be a device aimed at the most deprived of people. Emmanuel Macron spoke about the “lower classes” and “middle classes” in France Bleu on March 22, 2022. What would be the norm? Will there be a reference tax income threshold that will not be exceeded? So far, these questions have not been arbitrary. At this stage, many leads are on the table. In 2021, the Ministry of the Economy defended the idea that the system would be entrusted to municipal centers for social action (CCAS), thus targeting 5 million beneficiaries, a track that Citizens ’Convention citizens also showed in their report.

The Minister of Agriculture, he is more inclined to help for “young people or families with low -income children”, in the form of a check or card. The idea was also brought up by Paris deputy Mounir Mahjoubi, who is defending a project close to Julien Denormandie’s.

Charities, they estimate that the number of potential beneficiaries is much higher, at 8 million. According to a CSA institute survey, more than a million French people have used food banks since the health crisis began in March. “Having less than a million beneficiaries will not be beneficial; the real target is between six and eight million,” MP Mounir Mahjoubi said in an interview with West-France in the spring of 2021.

Will 18-25 year olds be the first to be affected by the food voucher? How are the students?

Will young people be the first beneficiaries of Emmanuel Macron’s food check? Invited by Jean-Jacques Bourdin on April 21, 2022, the Minister of Agriculture, Julien Denormandie, said he was in favor of it, while indicating that arbitrations had not yet taken place. “Now, we haven’t finished the work yet,” he admits, as decisions will be made by the end of March. “Today, the number of people affected by this nutritional inequality is 8 million people. For me, my priority, among them, is young people, 18-25 years old”. He also slipped with the amount of 50 euros on the table.

Is CAF responsible for the distribution of food vouchers?

The Family Allowance Fund does not currently provide food vouchers nationwide but may be the body responsible for this system, which is linked to the social aid it already pays for. At the local level, some food assistance schemes can now be put in place. It is advisable to contact the social action department of your fund. On its dedicated site, Caf de Saône-et-Loire notably featured the implementation of one-off assistance in April 2020, to help the poorest buy basic food products. The device was previously aimed at beneficiaries of family benefits, APL, RSA and the activity bonus.

The value of the food check is not yet known. So far, only the deputy for Paris, Mounir Mahjoubi, has presented a quantified proposal, with a check that the price is between 30 and 60 euros per month per family. “The total budget could increase from a few hundred million to two billion euros,” the deputy said in February 2021 in Ouest-France. “Then, it will come to confronting other proposals, such as specific allocations for the Covid period. This is the whole topic of discussions taking place at the government level”, he added earlier. The strong agricultural union FNSEA offers a device that will allow you to spend 5 euros a day. Invited by Jean-Jacques Bourdin on April 21, 2021, Julien Denormandie advanced the amount of 50 euros per month. Regarding the method of payment, nothing has been decided yet. Check, credit card or bank transfer, you have to wait a few weeks to find out more.

Which products will be affected? Can we buy everything with a food voucher?

The priority of Emmanuel Macron and his government is fruits and vegetables. And French if possible, from short circuits, and organic! This food check can be used at the supermarket or at the stalls of your local groceries. According to the many indecisions spread in recent weeks, the amount should be adjusted around 60 eurosfor an envelope of 4 to 6 billion worth for the State.

What role can CCAS play in the food voucher scheme?

Municipal social assistance centers, the CCAS, could play a key role in providing future food vouchers. The Ministry of the Economy in any case in 2021 defended the idea that municipal centers for social action ensure distribution (read below). In fact, CCAS already plays a decisive role in the most precarious. They can indeed deliver assistance, either in the form of assistance in kind (food parcels), or financial assistance (assistance for school catering, food vouchers or vouchers, personalized support checks, etc.).

Want to know if your municipality provides food stamps? Turn on your CCAS, as devices vary from one locality to another. In the Somme department, for example, the CCAS of the town of Albert has implemented vouchers worth 25 euros since June 2020. The number of vouchers varies according to the composition of the household from 4 to 7 vouchers ”distributed within 2 months changeable “.

Will a food check allow you to buy organic products?

Here too, the list should be subject to arbitration as soon as possible. In their report, the citizens of the Citizen’s Convention for the Climate, at the origin of the project through a presentation in 2021, defended a device that allows the purchase of “sustainable products (from agroecology, short circuits)”. “The term“ sustainable ”is often used as a designation for 50% of the products that must enter the composition of collective catering meals (…) resulting from the law of EGALIM”, we read in their report.

“The LREM group offers to offer food vouchers (…) [qui] will make it possible to get good products as defined in the Egalim law: fresh products with a mark of quality – organic type or labels – with priority on fruits and vegetables ”, then explained LREM deputy Mounir Mahjoubi in 2021 in the daily region. Western France. “Opening up to other more expensive products does not necessarily mean it will be significant in the family basket. For us, 85% of the money invested has to be returned to farmers. However, we know that in some types of workers and urban. scope, with little sales on short circuits or on the farm, nothing would be possible if we did not work with large retailers ”. The scenario defended by Bercy, proposing to assign this capability to CCAS, is in this line as well. “The State will therefore pay the difference between a normal food basket and a basket that meets the sustainable standards (organic, red label, IGP, etc.) defined by the Egalim law of 2018”, we read in The echoes.

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