Emmanuel Macron has finally been chosen. To replace Jean Castex at Matignon, the President of the Republic appointed, Monday, May 16, Elisabeth Borne, who has since held the Labor, Employment and Integration portfolio. His name has been circulating since Emmanuel Macron won the presidential election because of his CV that marked several boxes. The Head of State really wants the profile “attached to the social question, to the environmental question and to the productive question”. She also wanted to entrust the government reins to a woman, thirty years after Edith Cresson, the only woman to hold a position in France until then. Franceinfo detailed five things to know about the new Prime Minister.
1He has a “techno” profile rather than a political one
Just lookeyes on his university CV to convince. A former student of the Ecole polytechnique (class of 1981), an engineer with a degree from the Ecole nationale des ponts et chaussées, Elisabeth Borne did not go through ENA, the classic course of great State servants. Born in 1961 in Paris to a pharmaceutical mother and a father who died eleven years later, he patiently climbed all the rungs of the Republic. “It wasn’t always easy, I lost my father when I was young, and we ended up with my mother with two daughters”he said on the show “Don’t touch My TV“in D8.
“We really don’t have income, I was a pupil of the nation and therefore I was able to study with a scholarship.”Elisabeth Borne
in “Hands Off My Post”
She began her career in 1987 in the Ministry of Equipment, before joining various ministerial offices and being appointed prefect of Vienne and the Poitou -Charentes region in February 2013 – she was the first woman to hold this position. His career in the senior civil service has earned him this image of a “good technician”, combining determination and loyalty to the president. “Born, she tick the competence box, the loyalty box, then you have to manage a majority, it’s not that easy, it needs a little human dough”, a minister recently confessed to franceinfo. Because Elisabeth Borne is recognized as more interested in the content of the files than the political game. A tough technocrat? “That’s not how I feel about myself”he replied to the newspaper Alsace (paid item)making sure he also has a political profile.
But he claims his own recipe. “Running on TV sets to throw punchlines is not my way and it never will be”he said to Figaro. The new Matignon tenant must now show his ability to stimulate a government group, he who has not been a candidate for an election until then – he is looking for, during the legislative elections, the constituency of Vire -Evrecy , of Calvados.
2She says she is a “leftist woman”
“I am a woman on the left. Social justice and equal opportunity are the battles of my life”confirmed in February by Elisabeth Borne BFM TV. In government, he joined the Territories of Progress party in 2020, bringing together left-wing macronists. He opposes the version according to which the majority is leaning to the right. “Helping everyone liberate themselves through work is a value left”he explains in Figaro.
Long near PS, Elisabeth Borne worked in interaction with some left-wing personalitygold of its passages in ministerial cabinets. Adviser to the Ministry of National Education with Lionel Jospin and then Jack Lang in the 1990s, then he followed the first to Matignon, where he discussed the theme of transportation for five years.
She was also director general of urban planning at Paris town hall under Bertrand Delanoë between 2008 and 2013, a period during which she became closer to Anne Hidalgo. As prefect of the Poitou-Charentes region, he also convenes Ségolène Royal. The flow was smooth and the socialist president of the region took him to the Ministry of Ecology as chief of staff between 2014 and 2015.
3He was described as “industrious” and “demanding”
If Elisabeth Borne cuts her teeth on ministerial mysteries, the polytechnician is also interacting with the business world. In 2002, she was Director of Strategy for SNCF before joining Eiffage in 2007. But she is best known for her time at RATP, which she directed between 2015 and 2017. The second woman to hold this chair, she “in particular took the plan launched by its predecessor to have a 100% ecological bus fleet (80% of which will be electric by 2025), but there was no time to launch the first major call for tenders”say The echoes. Two years is still a short time to head a company. Only then did the leader have time to adopt a new strategic plan, called “Challenges 2025” ”, to prepare the public group for the competition.
However, it leaves a good memory with the Unsa-RATP union, which valued “franchise” and the “will” its great “state clerk”, who did not even have to face any major social conflict. For Thierry Babec, leader of this union, it knew how to modernize the RATP and did it “The transition to digital is strong, with the establishment of a strategy department, investment in autonomous vehicles, equity investment in start-ups.” Regularly described as “hardworking” at “demanding”, However, he left more than just good memories. According to an unknown source quoted by The world, “we know more than one tearful who left his office” in the RATP, for which he earned the unattractive nickname of “Burn Out”.
4He led the two major reforms of the quinquennium
Elisabeth Borne joined the government in May 2017 as Minister in charge of Transport under the leadership of Nicolas Hulot, Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition. He admired this position by leading one of the first projects of the five -year term, the thorny SNCF reform. Opening up to competition from rail transport, changing company status, cessation of recruitment to the status of agents … The reform is driving railway workers on the streets. They continued the strike for 37 days from March to June 2018. It was one of the following movements on French rail in twenty years. However, the bill will definitely be adopted on June 14, 2018. “Emmanuel Macron thanked him for his stand with the most protesting unions – he became their pet peeve – when the country went through its longest strike since 1995”, writing Le Figaro.
On July 16, 2019, Elisabeth Borne replaced François de Rugy, who was involved in the lobster controversy, as Minister of Ecological and Inclusive Transition. He was only there a year. It announced the abandonment of the EuropaCity project and is launching three legislative projects: the energy-climate law, the mobility orientation law and the circular economy law. His record confirms “small step policy”judge The worldElisabeth Borne did not “succeeded in putting environmental protection at the heart of government decisions”.
With the arrival of Jean Castex as head of government, he changed his portfolio to Minister of Labor, Employment and Inclusion. He is notably responsible for two major reforms, the pensions and the unemployment insurance. If the first does not succeed, the second will take effect in December 2021. His former government colleague Christophe Castaner has found him a laudable nickname for it, reports Le Figaro : “Minister of impossible reforms made possible”.
5He loves to walk in the desert
This should not be seen as a political metaphor, but Elisabeth Borne wants to recharge her batteries on desert walks. His fondest memory remains the discovery of Wadi Rum, in Jordan, as he confesses to the newspaper Alsace. “An extraordinary desert. When you’re in Petra, you have red, green, blue colors … It’s magic!”
But this estranged mother, called Babette by Young People with Macron, breathed a sigh of relief. When Freein 2018, he was asked how he spends his free time, the Minister remains thinking: “Free time … An interesting concept.” A way of emphasizing his ability to work that is often praised by those around him. But the Minister does not object from time to time in a play, an opera or a novel, there, accurate The world“a weakness for Finns Arto Paasilinna and Sorj Chalandon”.