In your opinion, what should be the place of cybersecurity in today’s economic world?
Laurent Giovachini: This is a real security issue because it is cybersecurity that lets you take control of your data and your digital destiny. To be independent in decision -making and action, private and public actors must be independent, including those in the digital domain. This is why cybersecurity is now the essential foundation on which economic and digital sovereignty can be built, with the potential to create world-class champions in Europe against GAFAM and BATX, if we choose sectors ( industry of the future, Business in Government, etc.) where areas have not yet been acquired.
In just a few years, cybersecurity has completely changed its image. It was formerly synonymous with coercion that had to be followed. But because it addresses issues of personal data protection and defense against cyberattacks, it has strategic value today. From now on, the intrinsic quality of a software or a digital service is nothing without the trust provided by cybersecurity. The period of crisis we are going through has further reinforced the importance of this idea of trust.
Cybersecurity Director Sopra-Steria, Cyber Campus Administrator and Vice President of the Cyber Excellence Center
And where are we in European sovereignty in terms of cyber defense?
LG: Companies in the knowledge industry need a European market, we need to break down the barriers in this very compartmentalized sector. For assessments, audits, or sales of software solutions, certifications are still national, with standards varying from one country to another. Sometimes this is for very good reasons, but these regulations hinder business developments throughout the European market. Our competitors in the United States or China have access to larger markets. Their products are becoming global faster and 80% of our protection tools are from non -European origins. If we succeed in removing these barriers, we will very quickly have European leaders of global stature.
Why such a delay in the Europeanization of cybersecurity?
LG: In cyber, there are intelligence, cryptology and defense issues. Culturally, it is sometimes difficult to collaborate between countries, even on a 27 or even on a smaller scale. In the cloud or other digital sectors, there are several “Important Projects of Common Interest in Europe” (IPCEI) being undertaken at EU level. But in cyber, the initiatives are still national. The Airbus of cybersecurity remains conceivable.
How to succeed in the fusion of European sovereignty and French sovereignty?
LG: The two levels of sovereignty complement each other. The European Union is the right level to build the market or create common standards. But for industrial projects, it is likely that only in 3 or 4 countries will we succeed in creating cooperation in the field of cyber. Therefore, it is not an opposition between ‘national’ and ‘European’, but rather a question with variable geometry, depending on the interests and maturity of the countries. Like GAIA-X in the cloud.
What is the role of La Défense Cyber Campus, inaugurated on February 15, in this collaboration strategy?
LG: Campus Cyber will be a showcase of the French ecosystem. Nearly 120 companies are full members and part of the management. The tower located in the center of La Défense allows all players to present their ideas, their products, their projects. It also has the originality of bringing together the beneficiaries of cybersecurity solutions: approximately thirty OIVs (essential service operators) and OSEs (essential service operators) are present to communicate with cyber partners. Such as the banking-insurance sector, which has set up a working group to formulate needs and use cases in which service providers can work. Another very important aspect of Campus Cyber is the sharing of information on threats and their evolution. We found that the State, public actors such as ANSSI, large groups, start-ups, academic research and users, have gathered in one and the same place to collaborate. Eventually, the Cyber Campus will be able to accommodate more than 1,200 people.
What tools facilitate collaboration between companies or government departments?
LG: At Medef, for example, we developed a network of correspondents in the regions, in collaboration with ANSSI and the General Directorate of Enterprises in Bercy to raise awareness of companies on cyberattacks. At Numeum, the cyber commission also acts for the general public. In video formats adapted to young audiences, we talk about using social networks, choosing passwords, combating information manipulation …