The public cloud will not disappear any time soon. Its growth remains very strong. Businesses will invest more than $ 480 billion in on-demand services there next year. But it is evolving and four trends are shaping its future …
” The economic, organizational and social impact of the pandemic will continue to serve as a catalyst for digital innovation and the adoption of cloud services. ” explains Henrique Cecci, senior research director at Gartner in a new post detailing four trends shaping public cloud developments today.
A public cloud today is largely dominated by American hyperscalers (AWS, Azure, GCP, Oracle Cloud, IBM Cloud) and Chinese (Alibaba Cloud, Tencent Cloud) but is troubled by the desire of many states and Europe to find sovereignty over their data and digital processing.
This sovereign constraint is also one of the four major trends shaping the face and evolution of the public cloud in the coming years:
Trend 1: Regional cloud ecosystems
” The growing fragmentation of geopolitical regulations, growing protectionism and industry compliance issues are driving the creation of new cloud ecosystems with regional services and vertical data. Financial and public sector companies are trying to reduce lock-ins as well as single points of failure with their cloud providers outside their country Gartner explains.
For analysts, Gaia-X is the typical example of sovereign initiatives that can greatly influence not only the way hyperscalers develop their businesses but also the way companies use the cloud with regionalized deployments to better comply with regulatory barriers.
The rise of “industrial clouds”, in other words offering a personalized public cloud for a well-defined vertical domain, is also part of this trend towards public cloud ecosystems. Microsoft was the first to propagate industrial clouds, a concept that Gartner also put into its Hype Cycle 2021 curve of emerging technologies.
Trend 2: Cloud ubiquity
” Today, the cloud fosters most new technology disruptions, such as Composable Business. It has proven itself in times of uncertainty thanks to its stability, scalability, flexibility and speed. Gartner recalls.
Therefore, even if sovereignty barriers affect the public cloud and change its business strategies, its adoption will continue to increase rapidly. Spending on public cloud services is expected to reach $ 482 billion by 2022.
Gartner also predicts that by 2026 public cloud spending will reach 45% of enterprise IT budgets compared to 17% in 2021.
Trend 3: A sustainable and ‘Carbon-Intelligent’ cloud
Emergency climate and ecological concerns are now at the heart of all corporate strategies. Public pressure is growing and corporate responsibility is undeniable. Half of the business leaders surveyed in 2021 by Gartner said the climate emergency and the need to significantly reduce CO2 emissions will have a huge impact on their business in the coming months and years. As a result, hyperscalers have increased their goals to be “carbon neutral” or be “carbon negative” by 2030. As everyone knows, companies will be more attentive to the subject, especially the clouds can contribute to reducing their carbon footprint if cloud providers choose ahead.
Trend 4: Automated and programmable infrastructures
Gartner expects widespread use of fully managed, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) cloud services from IaaS hyperscaler.
” Modern IT infrastructures, whether deployed in the internal data center or in the public cloud, require more manual intervention than ever before. recollection of Henrique Cecic. The infrastructure becomes end-to-end programmable (Infrastructure as Code) and its operational administration is automated.
Driven by DevOps/DevSecOps practices, the extended infrastructure is increasingly driven by AI -powered automations. The cloud will further accelerate these trends, as there is no hybrid cloud without automation.
Source: Gartner says Four Trends Shape the Future of the Public Cloud